Alternative Ways of Fueling Vehicles
Late last year, Toyota announced the launch of the series production model «Mirai», running exclusively on hydrogen. With a full tank the car is able to travel 650 km. The energy is generated by the oxidation reaction of hydrogen in an electrochemical generator, and instead of harmful emissions vehicle produces clean water.
Environmentalists remained enthusiastic about the idea of using a machine engine running on vegetable oil, ever since, when the idea was first proposed, and now we can already see the leap from theory to actual practice. Fans of Volkswagen Beetle are now able to drive cars with brand new engine that runs on biodiesel.
In airmobile energy is stored by pumping compressed air into the cylinders. Through the air distribution system, it enters the air motor which results in the motion of the car. Currently, several companies are involved in the exploration and production of prototypes of such cars, their release to the market is planned in 2016.
Bio ethanol is made from vegetable raw materials: corn, sugar cane, sugar beet, potato, sweet potato or barley. In 2007, Brazil has sold 2 million of new bio-fuel vehicles, which is 85.6% of the new cars in the market of Brazil.
Biofuel is the same substance that could be burned in a stove or a campfire - firewood, sawdust, wood chips, bark, and straw. For automobile engines, these materials are formed into special pellets. SUV Bioracer is one of the most famous vehicles that run on fuel pellets. When loading of 1 kg to 2.5 kg of pellets (depending on the adjusted parameters of batteries), the motor will produce enough energy to overcome the distance of 16 kilometers.
As hydrogen, nitrogen is abundant in our atmosphere. Further, as hydrogen-powered vehicles under nitrogen car produces fewer emissions than gasoline or diesel fuel. Typical petrol or diesel engine uses combustion to make the pistons move, the nitrogen engine works by means of nitrogen expanse to supply power turbines.
Solar car is essentially a conventional electric car powered by solar energy obtained from solar panels on the car.
Biofuel produced from algae, known as third-generation biofuel is a relatively new type of alternative fuel. In fact the principle of operation is based on the decay of algae resulting in the release of methane, which is used as the main fuel.